Identification of pediatric patient consists a dynamic alternative complex procedure that includes many and various dimensions which may define up to some extent the life of each individual and even the outcome of the disease. Aim: The aim of the present study was to review the literature about the identification of pediatric patient. The method of this study included bibliographic research of the literature from reviews and researches, mainly in the PubMed data base, which referred to the identification of pediatric patient. Results: According to the literature, many factors influence the identification of pediatric patient, of which the main are the body image and the age that the patients experience this change. Another factor that affects significantly the configuration of the identification of pediatric patient is the extent to which society influences the daily life of the patient, the perceptions and attitudes of health professionals as well as the religiosity in the way it is expressed in the clinical environment. Conclusions: Design of protocols of care based on the identification of pediatric patient including spirituality will contribute to the most effective satisfaction of patients' needs.