Quarterly scientific journal

Evaluation of men’s infertility causes

Maritsa Gourni , Maria Polikandrioti , Fotoula Babatsikou , Paraskevi Gourni , Efthimios Faros , Zoe Roupa

Abstract

In the last 50-60 years, has been observed a significant decrease in human fertility which affects 10% of couples. Although infertility is often attributed to female cause, a male factor is solely responsible in about 20% of infertile couples and contributing in another 40-50% of cases. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the causes of infertility to men at reproductive age. Material – method: The sample study included 106 infertility married men that seeked medical help in a Centre for Reproductive Health. Data were collected by the completion of a specially designed questionnaire for the needs of the research which included both demographic data and questions about the causes of infertility. Results: From the 106 men οf the studied population, 56,6% were men 30-39 years old, 27,4% 40-49 years old,9,4% 50 and above years old and the 6,6% 20-29 years old. The results revealed that oligospermia was the first cause of infertility in approximately 19,8% of men, and the second cause was astenozoospermia in 17,0% of men. «Unexplained infertility» was responsible for another 10,4 % of cases, varicocele was identified in approximately 4,7% of cases and azoospermia was identified in the 3,8% of infertile men. Conclusions: The main causes of men infertility were oligospermia, astenozoospermia unexplained infertility, varicocele and azoospermia. It is important, an educational – informing strategy towards men population to be adopted, which will improve knowledge about the causes of an impaired male fecundity and will significantly contribute to the solution of the problem.

Keywords: infertility, men at reproductive age, etiologies, semen quality

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