The metabolic syndrome is associated with a typical atherogenic dyslipoproteinemia. This dyslipo- proteinemia is characterized by hypertriglyceridemia, increased VLDL and decreased HDL cholesterol concentrations as well as elevated concentrations of small dense LDL particle subfractions. A large number of investigations has proven that physical activity is effective in the treatment and prevention of the metabolic syndrome and the associated dyslipoproteinemia. Increased physical activity has been shown to be associated with higher HDL cholesterol and lower triglycerides as well as a reduction of small dense LDL cholesterol.
Keywords: metabolic syndrome, obesity, diabetes mellitus, dyslipoproteinemia, hypertension