Quarterly scientific journal

Sanitary inequalities. Health Services Role in the Effort for their Restriction

George Hatzipoulidis


The equality in the health care sector, according to the World Health Organisation, is determined by three basic characteristics: equal access in the available care for same needs, equal use for equal needs and equal quality in health care for all. The difference in the health level of various population teams is the result of many factors reaction. They are distinguished in those that are inevitable and in those that can be limited and they lead to inequalities.
It has been proved that the sanitary inequalities are connected with variables that constitute indicators of social conditions as: social class, sex, unemployment, geographic region, religion, cultural values, social politics and the organisation of state providence. Inequalities in health are compound and complex. Consequently, lifting this inequalities presupposes a plan of social interventions from the state, in all the sectors that were mentioned before.
In the epicentre of all statements for the restriction of inequalities, especially in that of World Health Organisation, are found the guarantee of equivalent access and use of health services and a healthy behaviour adoption by the citizens. Hospitals, allocating a high level equipment but also specialised personnel, can play important role in this effort.
The action to the direction of inequalities restriction in the health sector, is today essential more than ever. In order to achieve it however, mobilisation of government mechanism is not enough but is also essential the expression of social solidarity and mutualism from citizens themselves.

Keywords: Sanitary, inequalities, health, access

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